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TreeMap Charts
See Also
Getting Started > General Tutorials > Chart Type Anatomy 101 > TreeMap Charts

Glossary Item Box


TreeMap charts are used to display hierarchial tree structure data with nested rectangles. TreeMap charts can be created manually or by using live data.


  • Series Labeling - A label can be drawn inside the series rectangle, or a header can be applied to the series rectangle with all header related features supported.
  • Element Labelig - Element labels can dynamically adjust to fit better, and many common label properties are supported.
  • Color Ranges - Elements can be colored based on their values using a specified range of colors.
  • Color Range Swatches - The legend can display the values and their respective colors for reference.
  • Shading Effects - The element rectangles can use all the same shading effects as regular bar and column charts.

To use the treemap chart type, the following code can be used.


Chart.Type = ChartType.TreeMap;
[Visual Basic]

Chart.Type = ChartType.TreeMap

A TreeMap Chart

Series Spacing

With a single series on the chart, the spacing is ignored. With multiple series however, the ChartArea.Padding property specifies the space between the series boxes and chart area edges in pixels. The following code will create a 5 pixel gap between the series and chart area.


Chart.ChartArea.Padding = 5;
[Visual Basic]

Chart.ChartArea.Padding = 5

Series Labeling

The series rectangle can be labeled in two ways on a TreeMap chart. A label can be drawn inside the series rectangle or the series rectangle can utilize a box header label.

The first method involves using the Series.Box.Label property which will be rendered inside the series bounds. Tokens in this label's text will be evaluated for each series and will apply to all of them.


Chart.DefaultSeries.Box.Label.Text = "%Name %YSum";
Chart.DefaultSeries.Box.Label.LineAlignment = StringAlignment.Far;
[Visual Basic]

Chart.DefaultSeries.Box.Label.Text = "%Name %YSum"
Chart.DefaultSeries.Box.Label.LineAlignment = StringAlignment.Far


The second method involves using the series box header label. In effect, the series rectangle is treated like the box content and the header is used to label it. The box in this context does not support corner styling or shadows.

The box header can place the series label outside the series bounds and can take up more space, however, it helps prevent the label from overlapping the elements and possibly hiding some data. Using Header.VerticalAlignment = EdgeAlignment.Edge is useful in this situation, as it does not intrude too much onto the series rectangle and minimizes the series label use of space.

See the Box Tutorial for more information about manipulating the box header. It offers a robust array of options that affect the way the header is drawn.


Chart.DefaultSeries.Box.Header.Label = "%Name %YSum";
[Visual Basic]

Chart.DefaultSeries.Box.Header.Label = "%Name %YSum"

Series tokens can be used with both labeling methods and will be evaluated with the series information. See Tokens Reference for a full list of available tokens.

It is also possible to use both types of labels simultaneously. For example, one label can be used to describe the series name and the other to display values or totals.


Element Labeling

Element labels behave much like any other element labels using all the same applicable properties. If there is not enough space to fit the label properly, the chart will attempt to draw the label vertically, or wrap the text so it can be seen.

The following SmartLabel properties can be used.

  • AbsolutePosition
  • Alignment
  • AutoWrap
  • DynamicDisplay
  • ForceVertical
  • Hotspot
  • LineAlignment
  • Padding
  • Text
  • Truncation
  • And common visual enhancements: Color/Font/GlowColor/OutlineColor/Shadow/Type



Chart.DefaultElement.ShowValue = true;
Chart.DefaultElement.SmartLabel.Text = "%Name %YValue";
Chart.DefaultElement.SmartLabel.DynamicDisplay = false;
[Visual Basic]

Chart.DefaultElement.ShowValue = true
Chart.DefaultElement.SmartLabel.Text = "%Name %YValue"
Chart.DefaultElement.SmartLabel.DynamicDisplay = false


Because SmartLabel overwrites the base label's Alignment property of type StringAlignment with an Alignment property of type LabelAlignment, you must cast the smart label to a label object and then set the base alignment property like so:

((Label)Chart.DefaultElement.SmartLabel).Alignment = StringAlignment.Near;



Coloring Elements

By default, all elements of a series will have the same color. This coloring is the default behavior for all chart types, and TreeMap uses the same generic algorithms. (See Figure 1)

For this chart type it can be useful to color each element with a different color. This is done by setting either Series.Palette or Series.PaletteName properties.  (See Figure 2).

A much more useful coloring method is to use color ranges to automatically color elements based on their values. This allows an easy way to quickly understand the values of elements based on their colors.  (See Figure 3).

When using color ranges, a legend color swatch may be used to allow the user to match element colors with their approximate values.

The Color Ranges tutorial describes how to use color ranges to apply to elements and how to create the legend color swatches.


Default coloring
Fig 1

Color per element.
Fig 2

Different color ranges
per series.
Fig 3

See Also

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